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The concept of nation It has its origin in the Latin word nātio, which in turn derives from nāscor (notion that, in Spanish, means "be born" ). This Latin word is used as a synonym for "birth" and "village" , but also used to refer to "species" and "class" .

In this sense, we have to determine that by using the term nation we can be referring both to what is the territory of a specific country and to its neighbors who are under the protection of the same system of government.

It is also necessary to underline that the meaning that we give today to this noun has its antecedents in the eighteenth century because that is when the definitive passage of the Old regime to what is the Contemporary Age occurs. And to this contribute in a solid and consistent way the work done by the well-known illustrated.

In this way, an example that could serve to express what is specified is the following: "Spain is a nation that currently enjoys a parliamentary monarchy where democracy is the base." A prayer to which we could also add this: "Javier said he was very proud of the nation to which he belongs."

The concept of nation, at present, has two representations: one that is approached from the perspective politics , which is based on legal and political criteria and talks about the sovereignty that governs within a given State , and another that describes a nation cultural type , a socio-ideological notion of a more ambiguous spirit and greater subjectivity that describes a human group where certain shares are shared common cultural aspects . However, in everyday language the word nation is used as a synonym for country , territory , village and State , for example.

It is important to note that the cultural conception of a nation indicates that its members are aware that they are part of ethical-political body different from others, since there are shared, among other features, the (ethnicity , the language , the religion , the tradition wave history common ).

Starting from these mentioned arguments, for example, we can show how all this is reflected in the identity of a country like Spain. Thus, its citizens have Spanish as the official language which is established in the Constitution that everyone has a duty to know and the right to use.

In this sense, the concept of nationalism is very much in relation. With it, what is defined, among other meanings, is the tendency of a political and ideological character to establish that a specific territory is the only one that must be accepted as an identity reference. However, within this generalized definition they could include many types of nationalism, such as integrators and centrifuges or disintegrators.

When a State is specifically recognized as the home of a particular cultural nation, there is talk of the existence of a Nation state . There are states that, despite the disputes and contradictions implied by this definition, try to legitimize themselves in this way.

There are also cultural nations that try to define themselves only on the grounds of ethnicity or race. This fact causes them to exist numerous nations that lack their own territory like the nation gypsy , which shows that not always a cultural nation forms a state with independence and that this is not in all cases understood as part of a cultural nation. There are even nations that, over the years, manage to form their own State, as in the case of the people Jew , which constituted a cultural nation without its own state until 1948 .

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