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A sin is a voluntary transgression of religious precepts . The term, which comes from Latin peccatum, implies the violation of moral norms and can have different degrees of seriousness.

For Christianity, sin is the estrangement of man of the will of God, which appears in the sacred books (the Bible ). When people violate some of the divine commandments, they commit a sin. The way to correct this error is through forgiveness and the sacrament of confession.

It is possible to distinguish between different types of sin. He original sin is the first committed by Adam and Eve , the parents of Humanity, when they disobeyed the mandate of God and they ate of the forbidden tree, after being persuaded by a snake, which symbolizes evil incarnate. The Catholic Church He argues that all human beings are born with original sin, a guilt that must be atoned for by baptism.

Mortal sin , on the other hand, is one that is committed with full knowledge of violating the commandment of God in a serious matter (such as murder or kidnapping), while a venial sin is less serious (weakens the relationship with God , but does not break it).

Finally, there are the capital sins, which are those from which the other types emerge, and are the following seven: lust , gluttony, greed, laziness, envy , the go to and pride.

In the Theocratic states , sins can be condemned with deprivation of liberty, torture and even death. Some territories that belong to this class today are Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Vatican City.

It is interesting to note that the use of the term sin It is not exclusive to religious people, although in the case of atheists and agnostics there is usually a much lower degree of understanding of the characteristics and consequences of an infraction of this nature. In fact, for those who do not embrace any religion, it is possible to use this word with total lightness, even in a mocking tone, while a Christian, for example, knows in detail the weight and content of the concept.

He fear of committing a sin It is one of the sensations that accompany many people who live or have lived the religion very intensely. It is very understandable that after an education based on structures that should not be broken and rules that must be met, the mere idea of ​​getting out of the scheme established by the elders seems dangerous, although many find a very attractive nuance in such transgression.

A sin must be distinguished from a crime: the first disappoints a deity, a superior being and creator of life; the second, on the other hand, implies the breach of a series of norms established by the human being. Although the same action may fall into both classifications, if the person responsible is a religious person, not only must he pay the penalty that a judge decides, but he will suffer for failing his maximum authority, his Father, and that will weigh much more than mundane suffering.

Outside the religious field, certain excesses or defects they are usually considered as sins; for example, it is said that wasting food is a sin, since we live in it planet than the millions of people who die of hunger.

On the other hand, the term is often used in less serious contexts to lament a situation without much importance, usually when talking about someone who does not take advantage of any possibility. In these cases, it can be replaced by pity, another word that can express a wide range of gravity.

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