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The Latin word sermo came to our language As a sermon According to the first meaning of the term mentioned by the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), a sermon is a preaching made by a Christian cleric to teach something to the faithful.

When a priest delivers a sermon, therefore, he intends to provide a teaching linked to religious doctrine. In ancient times, sermons were shared in Latin though, with the weather , began to develop in other languages.

However, the concept of a sermon is also used in a colloquial way to refer to the speeches, challenges or recommendations that someone receives when they do not do what is expected of him by an adult or someone who has some kind of authority over him. We could say that it is a scolding or a reprimand.

Some phrases in which we can find the concept can be: "Enough dad, I'm already great for your sermons", "Now get ready: we will have to listen to the teacher's sermon on why we should not play football in the classroom", "The boss gave me a sermon because I was late for the meeting."

The sermon, in this sense, is equated with a challenge and is usually given by an authority (a parent or guardian, a teacher, a boss). Suppose that a teenager instead of entering school at the entrance time decides to stay walking or doing anything, thus disobeying the rules of his parents. When they discover what they have done, they will probably give you a sermon that revolves around the importance of being responsibility and comply with our obligations; At the same time, they may stop to warn you about the dangers of being on the street without any known adult knowing where you are.

The Sermon on the Mount

According to tradition Christian, Jesus Christ himself delivered sermons. One of the best known sermons Jesus gave is the Sermon on the Mount, also known as the Sermon on the Mount , because it was pronounced on the side of a hill that was on the road to Capernaum. This homily is found in the Gospel according to Saint Matthew.

Among the teachings that Jesus gave that evening to his disciples and to the wide audience that met to listen to him, the Beatitudes and the Lord's Prayer stand out.

In the religion Catholic the Sermon on the Mount gathers the golden rules of Christian behavior; everything that is said in that homily could be considered the main disciplines to follow for those who wish to follow the path of Christ . Even many other religions, such as buddhism , took the fundamental basis of this sermon to establish the pillars of their beliefs.

The Beatitudes are a kind of literary genre very present in the Bible, with thousands of examples, which is constructed as a congratulatory sentence towards those people who, in a certain way, approach the good path; The end of each bliss is the promise of something they will receive in exchange for God's hand for their faultless conduct.

In the case of the Sermon on the Mount, the Beatitudes they consist of a series of teachings on spirituality, humility and compassion towards others based on peaceful behavior. Poor, meek, merciful, pure in heart, are some of the beneficiaries of the kingdom of heaven and divine providence. This sermon concludes with the Lord's Prayer; a prayer to talk with God from humility and ask for his forgiveness and divine protection.

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