In order to understand the meaning of the term public power, it is necessary, first, to know its etymological origin:
-The word power derives from Latin, specifically from the vulgar "posere" and this from "posse", which is equivalent to "master."
-Public, meanwhile, emanates from the Latin "publicus" and the same in turn is the result of the evolution of "populicus".
The notion of public Power covers all powers that are typical of State . It should be remembered that the State exercise the legislative power (creates and modifies laws), the power of attorney (applies these regulations) and the executive power (develops government policies) through various institutions.
It is common for the expression of public powers to be associated with state agencies that have a monopoly on violent action: that is, they can force citizens to do something or repress them through the use of force, always under the parameters established by the laws . The Policeman , the Gendarmerie and the Prefecture , among other entities, make up the public powers according to this meaning.
In some countries, the notion of public power becomes concrete through certain institutions. In Venezuela , he Legislative power , he Power of attorney , he Executive power , he Electoral Power and the Moral power they form what is called as National Public Power . In these cases, the concepts are written with initial capital letters as they mention specific organisms.
Each one of these powers is entrusted with clearly defined missions and functions:
-The Executive Power is the one carried out by both the President of the Republic of Venezuela and the rest of the ministers who accompany him on the government team.
-The Judiciary, as its name suggests, is responsible for ensuring what is the administration of justice that emanates from the people and is taught on behalf of the Republic. Specifically, this is carried out by the Supreme Court of Justice as well as by the other courts that are under it, according to the established organization.
-The Legislative Power, which is developed by the National Assembly.
-The Electoral Power, meanwhile, is in the hands of the National Electoral Council (CNE) and its main function is to ensure that in the different electoral processes there is absolute impartiality at the time the vote is taken.
-The Moral Power. This is also known as Citizen Power and is carried out by the Republican Moral Council. This entity is made up of the Attorney General of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the Ombudsman and the General Minister of the Republic.
It is understood that the National Public Power It represents the people, organizing society according to the legislation. The essential laws that govern the operation of the State , on the other hand, are established in the Constitution .
In a sense closer to the philosophy , it can be affirmed that the public powers constitute the state power to regulate and order the functioning of a community of people (the society ) in a certain territory. It is understood that the division of these powers (in Legislative power , Power of attorney , etc.) is necessary to guarantee the protection of the rights of all individuals.