The farming it is the task that consists of till and cultivate the land . Through these activities you get food and various raw materials that allow you to develop all kinds of products necessary for humans. Family , for its part, is that linked to the family (the set of people who have a relationship).
It is called family agriculture to the agricultural work which are developed by family members . This type of agriculture implies the use of the family's own labor: that is, those who perform the tasks are the members of the family nucleus, whether mens or women . In addition to the agricultural production itself, among the activities included in this concept, we must also take into account aquaculture, pastoral, fishery and forestry production.
According to various studies, family farming is usually the prevailing form of food production, and this is true to the same extent in developing and developed countries, something that speaks of its effectiveness as an economic support. The families work the land together to offer their products to wholesalers, distributors or even directly to the consumer. This makes family farming a way of life for millions of people who focus their economy on farming.
Taking into account this social relevance, the State it must regulate the conditions linked to the development of family farming. It is imperative that government authorities guarantee access to land and the market, facilitate financing to improve productivity and protect the environment to prevent the loss of natural resources.
The government must also allow groups of people who wish to engage in family farming to access to the complementary natural resources to carry out the sowing and harvesting tasks, among many others, but also to the financing services to undertake and maintain their businesses, to the technology necessary for the work and to any platform of education or social insertion that improve your relationship with the rest of the population, so choosing this path does not mean isolating yourself from the rest of society but becoming a defining actor in your economy.
It's important pointing that in some countries the State does not support family farming entrepreneurs as it should , with the attention and resources that it devotes to more traditional or larger-scale businesses, and this can have fatal consequences in situations such as floods or fires, both land private as of the adjoining ones, since a natural disaster can affect the conditions of the earth and alter other factors, like the wind, in a negative way.
He developing of family farming contributes to fight hunger since these practices allow the subsistence of people. As family farming grows, the socioeconomic status of families improves. But it also has a positive impact on the cultural, environmental and socioeconomic level in general.
Such is the impact of family farming on the market, that the own United Nations declared 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming , with the purpose of making this form of economy more visible and raising awareness about its importance in issues such as poverty, malnutrition and food insecurity, but also to continue working towards objectives such as the protection and administration of natural resources and the environment, and the development of sustainable agriculture techniques.