The etymological origin of this word can determine what is found in Latin, in the term "amphora". However, this, in turn, derives from the Greek "amphoreus", which was what it was called a vessel that had two handles and had a capacity for approximately 26 liters.
The concept allows to refer to a container which has two handles or handles .
According to the first meaning mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in your dictionary, an amphora is a pitcher (vessel, vase) of narrow and elongated shape, which has an extensive neck and ends at the end. This vessel was very popular in the Roman empire and in the Ancient Egypt .
The oldest vessels would go back to the 15th century BC . The Aegean were the first to use them and then the Romans, the Greeks and others joined villages . At that time, amphorae were used to store and move various food products: oils, wines, cereals, olives, etc.
Most amphorae were manufactured with ceramics , although there were also metallic amphorae. Its use was massive until the 7th century . Then the containers made with leather or wood began to become popular.
Among the most important ancient amphorae that have managed to stay over time we can highlight some such as:
-Dipilon amphora. It dates from 750 BC, is Greek and is considered to have a marked late-geometric style. At present it is considered as the great work of the master of Dipilon, who was a painter specialized in Greek glasses. Today it is part of the collection of the National Archaeological Museum of Athens and stands out because it is absolutely covered with traditional motifs, abstract elements and ornaments. In the area of the handles there are a total of 39 human figures represented.
- Amphora of Exequias. In clay this vessel work is made dating from around 435 B.C. It is of archaic Greek style, is today in the Vatican Museum of Rome and comes to represent a scene in which the gods Achilles and Ajax are playing dice while holding their weapons. His technique is the call of black figures. As his own name is made by Exequias, he was a painter and potter who is considered one of the best artists of this technique.
It should be noted that the amphorae also gave rise to several capacity measures. Among the Romans, an amphora was equivalent to 26.2 liters . He weight that the amphorae filled with water, on the other hand, amounted to a talent: a measure of weight that was also used as a unit of currency.
Beyond these specifications, the types of amphorae were numerous. It is known as pannatenaic amphora , for example, to the ceramic vessel that stored the olive oil that was awarded as a prize within the framework of the Pan American Games .