From Latin directum, the term right can be translated as that “That is according to the law” and allows to develop postulates of Justice that constitute the organization of the institutions and the rules that govern a society .
natural , meanwhile, is what is linked to the nature . This term has multiple meanings and can refer to the essence of a being, to the set of physical phenomena and elements of the underworld and to the quality of something, among other things.
From both concepts the idea of natural right , which is formed by the postulates about justice that are inspired by the natural condition of man. These principles seek to materialize through the positive or effective right , which is formed by the laws dictated by the State (which must be respected, in a mandatory manner, by all people) to maintain social order.
Natural law (or, in Latin, Ius naturale) cannot be defined precisely, since its conception has varied throughout history. In general, natural law is based on a natural abstract entity that is superior to the will of the people (as God ).
Specifically, we could establish that natural law is the set of norms that human beings deduce or establish from our own conscience and that they are the ones that prevail and are determined as justice at a given historical moment. This last sign of identity is what establishes that it will change based on the stage that is being lived in a society and at a specific time.
It is usual that the natural right always goes against what is called positive law. The latter establishes that it can only be considered valid because it is the State that gives it the reason to be elaborated, applied and also recognized. But in addition to this it is characterized because there are a number of governing bodies that are the ones that arbitrate it and because the values it establishes are clearly delimited by what is legality.
Natural rights are inalienable and universal , since no human being can deprive another of his enjoyment and no person can decide to do without them. This makes the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen be the letter responsible for collecting and protecting the rights that derive from natural law.
This document, which has its origin in the year 1789 and more specifically in the development of the French Revolution. And it is that in it the Constituent Assembly approved the personal and collective rights of society that were understood as universal.
However, we must emphasize that now this Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man, which came forward thanks to the support of the General Assembly of the United Nations, has become an instrument to end both discrimination and oppression.