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Originating in the Latin term circuitus, the word circuit lets name the land that has been located within a certain perimeter . Of course the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) It also details other meanings: a circuit is a path that is made in a sharp curve and that is established for the development of automobile competitions, or any type of travel which ends in the same place where it begins.

For example: "The Brazilian driver won the street circuit in Monaco", "Motorcycles reach a speed of almost 200 kilometers per hour in certain sections of the circuit", "Tomorrow we will tour the tourist circuit of Villa Elisa", "The government promised to improve the signaling in the cultural circuit of the old town".

In the electronics , a circuit is an element composed of several conductors and through which the current of electricity passes. Typically, the circuit has devices that produce or consume this electrical current. They consist of several elements, such as resistors, capacitors, transmitters, resistors and sources of voltage and current. This kind of circuits are analyzed through algebraic methods .

Among the different types of circuits, in addition to the electrical ones, the following can be mentioned pneumatic circuits , the magnetic circuits and the printed circuits .

The pneumatic and hydraulic circuits they differ from each other by the fluid they transmit in their forces .
In the tires the fluid in question is a gas , while in hydraulics it is a liquid . In both cases the fluids forces are compressed and transmitted greater.

As well as electric, this type of circuit has a series of components, which are called generators (They are those that when compressing the fluid allow obtaining energy for the proper functioning of the entire system), regulation and control valves (open and close to allow the necessary fluid flow) and actuators (they convert the fluid into a force that motivates the movement of the element to be displaced).

A magnetic circuit , on the other hand, is the one found in magnets and solenoids. It is a system where forces that leave through the North, after crossing the entire magnetic field, re-enter the system through the South. It usually works similarly to an electrical circuit.

It is called printed circuit to an insulating texture plate consisting of several copper tracks that allow interconnection between certain components that form the circuit

The logic , on the other hand, speaks of switching circuits which have various contacts, which appear in representation of the different logical input variables. The charges, meanwhile, represent logical output variables.

Finally, we can mention the electoral circuit , also known as constituency, which covers all voters who are part of a certain district according to a certain administrative division or politics , a culture, a territory or other kind of differentiation.

Speech circuit

The speech circuit is the one we use to communicate with our environment ; It is formed by audio messages and images. This circuit is intervened by elements such as the language difference between communicator and receiver, the noise of the environment, disabilities of any of the parties, or the emergence of third parties in the communication.

Language is the way in which we establish contact with what surrounds us, when communicating our ideas, emotions and opinions; It can be of several types: verbal, signed or written. The verbal is the one that is represented through speech and where its circuits are the language codes we use, signs and other elements that make oral communication.

Several subjects inevitably intervene in the speech circuit, these are: transmitter (the one who sends the message), message (what the issuer says) and receiver (He who listens to the message and decodes it for understanding). In a word, the speech circuit is the information exchange between two or more individuals and the external agents that influence said communication .

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