The notion of coima , in the countries Latin Americans, is used as a synonym for bribery : the gift that is granted in order to obtain a favor from an official or an authority. A coima, therefore, is a sum of money or some valuable item that is delivered illegally to access some kind of benefit.
The coima constitutes a crime known as bribery . In this type of case there are two parts that are missing: the person who delivers the bribe to bribe and the one who accepts it to do or stop doing something that corresponds to him for his position.
Suppose a policeman It tells a motorist to stop his gear as he is circulating without a seat belt. This fault must be fined : however, to avoid the penalty, the motorist offers a cop to the police. If the security force agent is corrupt, he will accept the money and let the motorist leave without making the corresponding fine. On the other hand, if it is an honest man, he will reject the bribe and complete the procedure accordingly.
It is known that in some countries the corruption It is much more common than in others, and one of the situations in which it can be noticed most frequently is the process of arresting a motorist by a police officer because of an infraction. As expressed in the previous paragraph, trying to bribe an officer in a case like this is very simple and available to almost everyone, so if this practice is accepted there are not many reasons not to carry it out; unless we really care about road safety, of course .
The mere possibility of leaving "unharmed" by means of a bribe is very tempting, especially if the amount of the fine is considerable for our pocket. And no one can be considered a monster for taking a few seconds to contemplate the idea of giving a cop to a police officer to ignore his obligations; We are human beings, flesh and blood, weak in the face of temptation.
But the responsibility It should always prevail, since driving a motor vehicle implies a very large potential risk, both for us and for the rest of the citizens, and paying for our faults is necessary to learn to respect the laws more.
He Minister of Education of a country On the other hand, you can request a copy from the owner of an editorial in exchange for awarding your company a contract to provide books to the State . For the employer, paying the coima would imply the possibility of accessing a business that, otherwise, would not be able to specify. In any case, the ethical principles indicate that the owner of the publishing house should reject the proposal and denounce the official before the Justice .
Outside the American continent, the meanings acquired by this term are certainly different and interesting. The first of the meanings is "a woman who lives with her partner outside of marriage"; although this is also considered a fault moral from a religious point of view, it is not for atheistic or agnostic people, and therefore it is not a negative issue in any context.
On the other hand, it is also called coima to the "salary paid to the garitero to prepare the game tables" for use by customers. The garitero, on the other hand, may be the one who has a garito (a gambling house clandestine ), a player who frequents such sites or someone who conceals criminals.