A political judgment is a Judicial process which is carried out to determine the responsibility of certain public workers in different facts or situations. In a democracy, usually the accusation and the process are exclusive powers of the legislative power .
Through a political trial it is possible to judge the president of a nation , to the vice president, the ministers and the magistrates themselves for a crime or for the poor performance of their duties. Typically, the sentence is limited to ordering the dismissal of the accused: if there is a civil or criminal liability, it is subsequently judged by an ordinary court.
The scope and limits of political judgments depend on each country . The properties of these processes are defined by the Constitution .
The usual thing is that the political trial is a single instance and summary process promoted by a legislative body. The accused are senior public servants that, if found guilty, are dismissed and disabled to return to assume the position .
A example of political judgment is the process to which the Paraguayan president was subjected Fernando Lugo in 2012 . The Chamber of Deputies of said South American nation accused the president for the poor performance of their duties , focusing mainly on his responsibility in the tragic clashes between police and peasants that caused 17 deaths in Curuguaty . Lugo was found guilty, dismissed and replaced by the vice president Federico Franco . When Frank he completed the constitutional mandate, elections were held and he was elected Horacio Cartes .