It is known as profit to the income, profit, benefit or profit that is obtained from a certain thing or activity . To clarify this idea, it can be said that the commercial firms Their main purpose is profit, that is, the economic benefit .
Profits are obtained once the total income exceeds the full costs of production and distribution. This means, in other words, that the company receives more money of the one who invests or loses. Otherwise, instead of making a profit, the company would accumulate losses and not be a business.
For the scope of right , the profit motive is translated as the intention of a subject to increase his patrimony by means of a legal action. This will is usually regulated by signing a contract.
Moreover, it is known as loss of earnings to the damage in the patrimony that is triggered from the loss of an economic utility or of a gain legitimate following a harmful episode, and constitutes what has been lost or cannot be won as a result of the problem suffered.
In order to talk about lost profits, according to experts, the existence of a concrete and real benefits perspective . For example: A failure in the service of an electric company causes a butcher's merchandise to rot because they had to interrupt the operation of their refrigerators. The victim may demand a compensation for the lost profit to recover the cost of the meat and the profits that it would have obtained with its sale.
The compensation will be granted provided that the evidence required by the legislation is presented, through which the victim presents his complaint with reliable data. They promptly refer to the extent of the damage:
* Proof of the existence of lost profits: A analysis based on assumptions and probabilities that allow to determine the real connection between the lack of profit and the actions of the third party, who is accused of such damage.
* Proof of the amount of damage: This is more difficult to prove since it depends on the criteria used by the judge to decide whether the amount insured by the victim corresponds to reality or not. This type of evidence is usually much simpler if the injured party has a correct taxation, since through his accounting books he will be able to demonstrate in what aspects the damage will affect his business in the future.
Profit and the Capitalist System
Many authors have written about the pejorative of this concept. Santos López Pelegrín says that the profit is always excessive, while the gain is lawful by relying on laws Mercantile Also, Roque Barcia says that it appears when the utility deviates from the road, becomes usurer, selfish and even in many cases, cruel; understand profit as an abuse or a crime against utility.
Neoliberal intellectuals, on the other hand, say that only thanks to profit is the developing of a society, since whenever the companies obtain profits, they will be able to continue investing in that enterprise or to do it in a different one. They add that the existence of modern industry and scientific and technological advances, we owe it to this essential factor of the economy. In this way they rely on the market contains the strength to keep the interests of people and businesses balanced, and that is why it is indispensable.
There are many discrepancies around this endorsement of the market and with him, capitalist profit; Above all, they occur in terms of equality, since the fundamental consequence of this system is to eliminate the intermediate classes and divide society into two absolutely opposite strata: the rich and the poor. At this point many questions arise; The main one is: if capitalism comes to replace feudalism, imposing itself as a more orderly and effective way of distributing goods in society, why does it end up leading to the same consequences?