He inductivism is a logical method what part of particular statements to reach general conclusions . The inductive is done by induction : the act and the result of inducing.
To understand how inductivism works, therefore, it is necessary to know that the action of inducing consists in extracting, based on particular experiences or observations, a general principle that is implicit in them. Inductivism is part of the so-called Scientific methods , which are steps that are followed in an orderly manner to generate new knowledge.
In general, inductivism consists of four large stages . First, the facts must be observed and recorded; Then, analyze and classify them. Thirdly, through an inductive derivation, a generalization is performed, which must finally be contrasted.
He inductive method It is based on the proposition of a conclusion that is general for all the events of the same class. To arrive at this conclusion, multiple observations are developed.
Inductivism, in this way, goes from the particular to the general. He Deductive method On the other hand, it specifies the reverse path: from the general to the particular.
Let's look at a simple example of the application of inductivism. If an observer notes that eagles are birds and fly, that condors are birds and fly and that pigeons are birds and fly, the conclusion according to the inductive method may be that all the birds fly . However, although the reasoning was correct, that conclusion is not true: penguins and ostriches are birds and do not fly.