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If we want to know the etymological origin of the word engineering that now concerns us, what we have to do is to leave, metaphorically speaking, until Latin because we will discover that this term emanates from the Latin word ingenium. An east term that can be translated as "produce."

The engineering is the study and application of the different branches of the technology . The professional in this field is called engineer .

The activity of the engineer involves the realization of an idea in reality. This means that, through techniques , designs and Models , and with the knowledge coming from the sciences , engineering can solve problems and meet human needs.

Engineering also involves the application of inventiveness and ingenuity to develop a certain activity. This, of course, does not imply that the scientific method To carry out the plans.

Among the different tasks that an engineer can carry out, is the investigation (the search for new techniques), design, development, production, construction and operation.

On the other hand, it is important to keep in mind that engineering contemplates various branches. The genetic engineering , for example, is linked to the manipulation and transfer of DNA from some organisms to others.

In the same way, and taking into account the important role that technologies play in our day to day, we cannot ignore the discipline or scientific branch that is called computer engineering. It is responsible for working and designing solutions in communication matters that are capable of carrying out the information processing automatically.

In this sense, professional engineers must have knowledge about computing, telecommunications, software design, electronics, algorithms and formal languages ​​or virtual instrumentation, among others.

We also have to underline forest engineering that is responsible for undertaking all kinds of studies, analyzes, projects and interventions in environmental protection. Thus, it has as its object of work both mountains and wetlands, parks, wildlife, roads and forest roads, hunting and fish resources or renewable energy.

And, of course, we must also highlight the aeronautical engineering that is responsible for creating and manufacturing all kinds of devices that have the ability to fly. That is, it is the one that works with airplanes, space equipment, missiles or aircraft of different types. Hence, within that branch, aerodynamics, propulsion, aeroelasticity or information take center stage.

The agricultural engineering It is one that promotes the social productive development of agriculture, without neglecting natural resources.

The geological Engineering It is responsible for solving the problems that relate man to the geological environment.

The commercial engineering is linked primarily to marketing and to public relations, since the engineer must take care of the management of these types of issues.

Finally, we can highlight that the civil Engineering it is the science that applies knowledge of the geology , the chemistry and the physical to develop infrastructure and works of all kinds.

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