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Even Latin would have to leave to find the etymological origin of the term stupor that now concerns us. And it is that this comes from the word "stupor", which means "stunning" and that derives from the verb "stupere", which can be translated as "being stunned."

Stupor It is a term that can be used as a synonym for astonishment , surprise , estrangement or astonishment . When a person She feels stupor, is almost paralyzed before a certain situation and fails to react immediately, needing time to assimilate what is seen or registered and act accordingly.

For example: "When the young man entered the room, the stupor took possession of those present: he was naked and had blood on his face", "After the initial stupor, passengers began to get up slowly to get out of the plane", "The words of the candidate caused stupor among the public".

Within the scope of literature, we should highlight the existence of various works that use the term that concerns us in their titles. An example of this is the book "Stupor and tremors", written by Amélie Nothomb.

Of marked autobiographical character is this work that tells how a young Belgian begins to work in Japan in a large company in the country. She starts this new professional career with great enthusiasm, but soon that will fade away. And what you will find there will be a constant humiliation of your rights, and that will be because it will be subjected to all kinds of acts of social or labor degradation. The motives? She is a woman, she is young and she comes from the West. Three reasons that do not go unnoticed by a Japanese society still anchored in the past and very hierarchical.

In the field of medicine , stupor is a decrease in intellectual activities which appears accompanied by a certain air of amazement or indifference. It is possible to link stupor to catatonia , a physical and psychological state produced by some kind of disorder or crisis .

Catatonia is a syndrome which is caused by various causes, and not a disease In herself. A stroke, trauma, encephalitis, a tumor or even withdrawal from a drug It can generate stupor or catatonia in a person.

Stupor, in this sense, is a catatonia phase It can range from a few hours to several months. The person in catatonic crisis goes into stupor and becomes immobilized, unable to react to external stimuli and losing the voluntary movement. On the other hand, the subject can repeat stereotyped movements or respond with reflex actions to certain stimuli.

You can differentiate between the catatonic stupor (linked to schizophrenia), the organic stupor (of organic cause), the dissociative stupor (produced by trauma or a stress situation) and the depressive stupor (the final state of the depression severe).

It is common that two terms are often contrasted: stupor and coma. However, the difference is clear between them. Thus, while the person who is in the first case can be awakened in a short period of time by actions such as pinching or voices, which will involve a significant electrical stimulation, whoever is in a coma cannot leave it in that way. That is, you cannot wake up the person in that state.

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