A mask is a piece of material (it can be cloth, plaster, wood, plastic, gold, skins or others) that is used on the expensive , covering it. The word comes from the French term more than or from Italian mask, although its most remote antecedents are the Latin ancestors mascus ("ghost" ) and in Arabic maskharah ("jester" ).
In some cultures , there is a belief that wearing a mask will allow anyone acquire the qualities of the representation of said mask. For example, a lion mask will induce the wearer to acquire characteristics of said animal and to behave as such.
The masks fulfill various functions: rituals , social , religious , from entertainment and others. They can be used in theater plays , as part of the carnival celebrations or for imitate to certain characters. They can also serve as protection in the middle of a confrontation or for hide identity .
In the case of mortuary masks , known as "Death masks" , are created from the face of a recently deceased person, with the intention of preserve your portrait in the most realistic way possible. They were very usual during the 18th centuries and XIX in the western world, especially with recognized personalities. Anyway, this practice had its origin at the time roman and egyptian .
The Mexican Revolutionary Pancho Villa , the french emperor Napoleon Bonaparte , Argentine politics Eva Peron , the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven , the British poet William Shakespeare and the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamon They are some of the historical figures that have their mortuary masks.