The first thing we are going to do before entering fully into the definition of balm is to know its etymological origin. In this case we can say that it is a word that derives from the Greek, exactly from “balsamon”, which was the name given to a tree whose resin had a really pleasant aroma.
The concept is used to name the substance obtained from some trees that is characterized by its aroma .
The balms just leave the tree , have an almost translucent hue and are liquid. When they come into contact with the atmosphere, they acquire a darker color and thicken.
It is also called balm at plants from different family groups that house these types of substances and to medicines made with aromatic elements that are used as a remedy .
Usually a balm is made up of resin , ester , alcohol and acid . According to which substance predominates in its composition, its viscosity level and color changes. Its most common use is as flavoring , although they are also used in certain rituals.
At Ancient Egypt , by example , it was common for mummies to be added balms in the framework of the development of mummification. Thats why he process It is also known as embalmment .
He judea balm , also called balm of Mecca , is one of the many existing balms. It is obtained from the plant Commiphora gileadensis It has a yellowish color and stands out for its intense smell.
Within the cultural field it should be noted that there is a well-known balm. We are referring to the balm of Fierabrás. A miraculous and very healing balm that is mentioned on numerous occasions by the character of Don Quijote in the novel of the same name written by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra.
It was a balm capable of healing all kinds of wounds and ailments and has its origin in a legendary figure. We are referring to the gentleman of the Carolingian era Fierabrás. This was the son of a Saracen king who converted to Christianity and who, according to legend, found in Rome a very powerful balm.
We say very powerful because he himself, who seems to be the employee to carry out the embalming of the corpse of Jesus Christ, had miraculous properties.
Don Quijote mentions that concoction, as we have mentioned several times. In one of them he goes on to state that he knows perfectly how to achieve it. Thus, he tells his faithful squire Sancho Panza that is prepared with rosemary, wine, salt and even oil. Hence, I ask him to elaborate it to heal the wounds he has suffered in a fight.
It should be noted that the notion of balm is also used symbolically to name a relief, palliative or comfort : “Getting a victory would be a balm for us”, "Physical pain will accompany him throughout his life, but with religion we can offer him a spiritual balm", “Having discovered what happened with my father was a balm for me”.