It is known by the name of reservation to an area guarded or preserved that is set to serve its time. That reserved is protected so that it can be used in the future or in the event that any contingency occurs.
The biology , for its part, is the natural science that is dedicated to examine the onset, evolution and particular characteristics of living beings . Biologists analyze the particularities of individual organisms and species as a whole.
A biological Reserve , natural reserve or ecological Reserve , based on the above definitions, is a space that is protected and maintained in good preservation conditions due to its relevance to flora, fauna or ecosystem usually . He human being It is responsible for managing the conservation of the environment and minimizing the impact of human activity.
Experts say that Sri Lanka it was the first nation to have a reserve of this type, when in the 3rd century B.C. the king ordered to protect the surrounding wildlife of Minhintale . In even more remote times, it is believed that certain forests and mountains were protected by religious beliefs.
In the case of Spain we find several biological reserves of great value and wealth. Among them stands out, for example, the Doñana National and Natural Park that is located in Andalusia and more specifically between the provinces of Cádiz, Huelva and Seville.
This is part of the UNESCO World Heritage catalog and it should be stressed that it receives its name from the woman of the VI Duke of Medina-Sidonia, Doña Ana de Silva and Mendoza.
Its great biological wealth from the fauna point of view is perhaps the most significant hallmark of this natural corner where more than three hundred species of birds can be admired. And it is that it becomes a place of breeding and passage of many birds in Europe and Africa.
All this without forgetting either the beauty and value of its marshes or the existence on its grounds of the El Acebuche Breeding Center whose clear objective is the survival and captive breeding of the Iberian lynx, which until now is the feline that is in greater danger of extinction.
In Spain, in addition to this mentioned park, we must also highlight another of equal importance, such as the biological reserve of the Natural Park of the Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas. In the province of Jaén is where this one is located that has the privilege of being the most protected natural space in the country and the second in Europe in the same direction.
The biological reserve known as Jaraguas , in Dominican Republic , is an example of a biological reserve. It consists of four national parks (Sierra de Bahoruco, Jaragua, Isla Cabritos and Lake Enriquillo) and has an area of 5,770 square kilometers.
There are reserves that protect the coastline and island territories, such as the Marine Biological Reserve of Arvoredo in Brazil . This reserve, created in 1990, includes several islands and islets that total an area of 17,600 hectares.