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In order to really know the meaning of the term tanatology that now concerns us, it is important to begin by discovering its etymological origin. In this sense, it should be stressed that it is a word of Greek origin, since it is the result of the sum of two components of that language such as the noun "thanatos", which can be translated as "death", and the word " logos ”, which is synonymous with“ study ”or“ speech ”.

Tanatology is the name that receives a discipline linked to effects that causes the death in the organism It is a series of knowledge of medicine and other sciences that analyze various aspects of death.

Usually the tanatology is associated with the forensic Medicine , whose purpose is to demonstrate scientifically why there was a death . For this, the coroner develops several studies on the body that allow him to determine the causes of death.

As a general rule, the experts of the tanatology will have to work with deceased for different causes. Specifically, it is established that these can be divided into three: sudden deaths, deaths due to a long illness or violent deaths, whether due to an accident, a homicide or a suicide.

Tanatology is also linked to the tanatopraxia : the practices that are carried out on a lifeless body to restore it and keep it . In this case, the specialist applies his knowledge to specify the will of the deceased or the requests of his loved ones.

People who want to work as tanatologists at the time they go to an educational center to be able to train and get the degree that allows them to exercise as such should know that there they will not only receive an education at a regulated level but also personal and in values. It will be necessary that, in order to exercise this work in the most professional and humane way, they have empathy, patience, honesty, ability to not judge others, confidentiality and listening skills.

And they are going to deal with people who will have to face the hard trance of having lost their loved ones, so it will be essential to treat them with humanity, explain the facts as gently as possible, get in place and understand their reactions ...

The rites related to corpses have changed throughout the history . At present, the tanatology is present in western societies for the sanitation and aesthetics of mortal remains with a view to a funeral. Many times the dead person is exposed for hours or days so that their family and friends can say goodbye. Tanatology involves putting on the body to minimize the visual effects of death.

The process commonly known as embalmment It is also part of the orbit of tanatology. The procedure requires the use of chemical substances to prevent rotting of the body . Mao Tse-Tung (deceased in 1976 ) and Lenin (who died in 1924 ) are just two of the personalities whose remains have been embalmed.

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