From Latin tragoedĭa, the term tragedy is associated with a gender literary and artistic of the same name. It's about the kind of drama with fatal actions that generate fright and compassion .
The characters of a tragedy inevitably face the gods or against different situations of life, in facts that lead them to fatality. The main character of the tragedy usually ends dead or morally destroyed. However, there are the so-called sublimation tragedies, where the character manages to become a hero by challenging all adversities.
It should also be stressed that the literary tragedy arose in Greece from the works made by authors of the likes of Fornico or Thesis. However, they also contributed to the development and consolidation of the same writers of great fame and relevance in history, such as Esquilo. An East playwright who is known for works such as "The Seven Against Thebes" (467 BC) or "Orestíada" (458 BC), which is his best known work and is composed of three works: "Agamemnon", "The Coéforas "And" The euménides. "
However, in addition to the exposed authors, we cannot miss the opportunity to mention others who, in one way or another, also become fundamental pieces within the genre of tragedy over the centuries. This would be the case of the Spaniards Calderón de la Barca and Lope de Vega, the French Voltaire, the German Goethe or the Englishman William Shakespeare.
Specifically, the last writer cited, the most important of the English language and one of the most relevant in the History of Universal Literature, is known for already mythical tragedies such as "Romeo and Juliet", "Hamlet", "Macbeth" and "Othello."
From that literary sense emerged an expression that we use today frequently in colloquial language. It is one that says "make a tragedy." With this adverbial phrase we try to make clear the fact that a person is giving a series of tragic and serious dyes to a situation that does not have it at all.
According to Aristotle , a tragedy (in this case it would be the genre known as Greek tragedy ) is composed of three parts: Foreword , episode and Exodus . The prologue precedes the entry of the chorus (which, in turn, is divided into párodo and you are very ) and provides the temporary location of the history .
The episodes show the dialogue between the characters or between the choir and the characters. This is the most important part of the story, as it manifests the thought of the main character.
The exodus is the final part of the tragedy, where the hero acknowledges his mistake and receives the divine punishment .
On the other hand, it should be noted that tragedy is known as any real-life event that can arouse tragic emotions. Colloquial language associates tragedy with situations of great drama and pain .
A tragedy can be a catastrophe natural (floods, drought, etc.), a crime of passion or an attack with numerous victims, for example.