The etymological origin of the term troubadour is found primarily in Latin. And it is the result of the sum of two components of this language:
• The Provencal “trobar” that derived from the Latin noun “trope”, which means “song”.
• The suffix "-dor", which indicates agent.
Troubadour It is a term that can be used as adjective or noun . The concept is associated with the verb trovar , whose action consists of create and interpret verses and various compositions of poetic type. A trova in fact it is a verse or some kind of metric creation. Hence the word troubadour is also currently used as a synonym for poet and poet.
As for the historical use of the notion, it can be said that a troubadour was a bard and singer of the Middle Ages that interpreted verbs written in Occitan language . The troubadour could also yield his verses to a minstrel , who was responsible for interpreting them.
The troubadours appeared in the courts with their political and social messages. Many times they were noble They were entertaining for fun, although there were also troubadours of lesser social prestige who appealed to their art to get protection and help.
The troubadours are worth knowing other important data of interest that show their essence and their work:
• Its origin is in France. More exactly it is considered that they were born in the eleventh century in the south of the Gallic country.
• Germany, Spain or Italy were the nations that quickly followed in the wake and also began to have troubadours in their lands.
• As a rule, they used Provencal language.
• The fundamental themes of the compositions they interpreted were love, specifically the Platonic type, and cavalry adventures.
• Among the most important troubadours are characters such as Jaufre Duel, Guillebert de Berneville, Rimbaut de Vaqueiras and even King Alfonso X the Wise, who shaped the famous "Canticles of Santa Maria."
From a literary point of view, one of the best known troubadours is Asurancetúrix, the troubadour of the gala village where Astérix and Obélix live, the mythical protagonists of the comic series that René Goscinny and Albert Uderzo shaped. He is a rather funny character who tries to demonstrate his art at all times, which is really unbearable for the rest of the neighbors who consider that he does not have much talent.
The trova, on the other hand, is the name that receives a musical genre that emerged in Cuba towards the end of XIX century . Over time it spread to other countries and became associated with all those protest singer-songwriters, whose compositions seek to denounce injustice or encourage social change.
One of the singers who usually receives the title of troubadour is the Cuban Silvio Rodriguez , creator of popular themes such as "Hopefully" and "Unicorn" . Another singer-songwriter who is part of the movement that became known as New Cuban Trova is Pablo Milanés .
Outside Cuba , in Argentina usually talk about Trova Rosarina to refer to a group of singers from the city of rosary beads (Santa Fe Province ) that stood out for renewing the popular Argentine songbook. Among its maximum references appear Juan Carlos Baglietto and Silvina Garré .