Before entering fully into the clarification of the meaning of the term at hand, we can determine its etymological origin. In this case, it must be established that it has Greek origin because it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:
-The noun "bios", which can be translated as "life".
-The word "klima", which is used to indicate both environmental conditions and the inclination of the sun.
The dictionary that elaborates the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) does not include the term bioclimate . The concept, however, is used to name the type of weather which can be differentiated from others according to the group of climatic factors what affect the development and survival of living organisms .
The region is usually called bioclimate whose territories have similar characteristics in terms of weather , which in turn are different with respect to the characteristics exhibited by adjacent bioclimates. The climatic characteristics of the bioclimate have an influence on the life and distribution of living things that inhabit the area.
The conformation of the bioclimates is done according to the values of various indexes and parameters. There are five big macroclimates (polar, boreal, temperate, Mediterranean and tropical), which in turn cover the different kinds of bioclimates.
Among the bioclimates we can name the pluvial , he desert , he continental desert , he oceanic and the hyperoceanic . In each bioclimate it is possible to find biocenosis particular, since the permanence of living beings on the ground is linked to specific climatic conditions.
The scientific specialty dedicated to the study of bioclimates and the reciprocal relationships between climate and living beings is called bioclimatology or phytoclimatology . The analysis of variables such as rainfall level and temperature, together with the collection of information from the organisms that inhabit a region, are the objects of study of bioclimatology, a science which is very important for the preservation of biodiversity.
In addition to all of the above, from bioclimatology we can highlight other interesting data such as the following:
-In its beginnings, what it did was put the plants and plant formations in relation to the temperature and the precipitation of the climate. However, over time it was also analyzing, for example, the relationship with respect to biogenocenosis.
-In the development of the activity of this discipline the existing weather stations play a fundamental role. And these are the ones in charge of publicizing the necessary information about humidity, pressure, wind, temperature ...
-It allows to obtain what is called climodiagrams, graphs where temperature, rainfall and the evolution of these factors are related.
-In the same way, we cannot ignore that bioclimatology works with what are called bioclimatic indices. These are none other than evapotranspiration, continental indexes, pluviometric, thermal and thermopluviometric indices.
In the same way, all this information leads us to establish that there are several bioclimatic zones on Earth. We are referring to the following: desert, jungle, temperate forest, temperate meadow, mountain, taiga, savanna, tundra and Mediterranean.