A sanatorium is a clinic which, according to country , can specialize in different issues. It is a place where patients suffering from various disorders and diseases are treated and can undergo different treatments.
The purpose of a sanatorium, therefore, is to attend people convalescent or sick To achieve healing. They usually have spaces for hospitalizations: patients, thus, settle in the sanatorium and spend the night in the establishment when necessary for their care.
Medical benefits depend on each sanatorium. It is usual for them to have offices to carry out consultations with specialists and also have doctors on duty that serve people who arrive unexpectedly with a problem of Health .
Many sanitariums have operating room for carrying out operations. It is also likely that these health centers have different equipment for the development of studies and analysis , as machines to perform radiographs , ultrasound , tomography , electrocardiograms , etc.
All these benefits appear in the broader notion of sanatorium, which is used in countries such as Argentina . In other nations, the institutions that provide these services are known as hospitals . For Argentines, concepts like sanatorium , hospital , clinic and even Institute they are usually used as synonyms , although the idea of hospital is usually limited to the public institution that serves people without social coverage.
In other parts of world , the term sanatorium is reserved for establishments that specialize in the care of Chronically ill , as was the case with tuberculosis patients in the XIX century .
Throughout history, there have been numerous sanitariums that, due to different circumstances, have been surrounded by controversies, legends and mysteries. Situations all of them that continue to arouse interest today. And this would be the case of the following:
-Hellingly mental sanitarium. In the south of England, in the county of East Sussex, this hospital center is located, now abandoned, which was set up in the year 1898 and was intended both to care for patients with different mental problems and those who had certain infectious pathologies. The black legend that surrounds him tells that the treatments that were performed on the patients were so hard and unique that, at present, their phantasmagoric voices are still heard in the building.
- Sanctuary of the Watchtower. In the Spanish province of Ciudad Real is where this other old medical center was located, which also has behind it the legend of ill-treatment that was infringed on patients. Hence it is believed that today you can still hear their cries and cries.
-Sanatorio Durán. In Cartago (Costa Rica) this other abandoned hospital is located, which focused mainly on tuberculous patients. The episodes that occurred later, such as the eruption of the Irazú volcano, ended the same one that has been surrounded by legends, satanic rites since then ...
-Sanatorio del Santo Ángel. In Navacerrada (Madrid) this sanitary enclave has been closed for more than twenty years with respect to what is counted from the voices that are still heard today from former patients to lights that come on at night.