In order to understand the meaning of the term patrolling, the first thing to do is determine its etymological origin. In this sense, we can establish that it derives from French, exactly from a word of the fifteenth century: "patrouiller", which can be translated as "trampling in the mud".
He process and the result of patrolling they are known as patrolling . Patrol, meanwhile, consists of travel a certain area , usually to prevent them from being committed crimes or that events with negative consequences occur.
For example: "Since the mayor ordered the night patrol of the waterfront, the crimes decreased by 21%", “Border patrol does not prevent illegal immigrants from continuing to enter our territory”, "I will be in charge, together with Adrián's father, of conducting night patrols so that the boys do not get out of control and the party is held in peace".
The usual thing is that patrolling is a decision of the authorities of the State To control a region. The policeman It is usually a security force that conducts patrols on a daily basis in the cities, with the aim of deterring the will to commit crimes and to catch those who have actually committed or are committing a crime.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot forget about the existence of different types of patrols, among which are the following:
-Paulting on foot, which is the traditional and most normal method in everyday life.
-Mounted patrol, which is the one carried out by the agents that are mounted on horseback.
-Motorized patrol, in which both cars and motorcycles are used.
In the case of Spain, within the Police Corps there is the infrastructure and resources necessary to carry out patrolling. Thus, for example, there are patrol cars that, as the name implies, have the objective that the relevant agents can be in charge of patrolling in the area assigned to them.
These vehicles are also identified by another series of features, such as the following:
-They are in charge of helping and supporting what the police officers are in the daily missions they have assigned, such as carrying out the arrest of criminals, visiting witnesses, carrying out reports ...
-In the same way, they are useful to undertake the response to specific emergencies that may arise at any time. In these cases, they use appropriate sirens and lights to quickly reach the scene.
The prefecture It is another force that usually develops patrols. In this case, by its own mission, the prefecture usually patrols the coastline to guarantee the security in the water and on the beaches. Patrolling, in this way, is done with a boat.
Patrols are also frequent in borders . A country You can order a patrol of your limits to prevent people from entering your territory without the necessary authorization and documents, as well as to prevent illegal merchandise (smuggling products, drugs, etc.) from leaving the interior of the nation.