The Latin term pergŭla, which can be translated as "balcony" , came to the Italian language as pergola. In Spanish, a pergola is a structure which is installed in open spaces by way of decor since it allows the growth of certain types of plants They are ornamental.
Pergolas are formed with two rows of columns faced, linked to each other by beams installed horizontally. These beams create a kind of corridor by joining the columns that are the same row while also giving rise to a lattice or roofing . It is on this trellis where they can grow climbing plants which, when reaching a certain degree of development, joins and covers the beams, forming a roof.
It can be said, therefore, that pergolas covered by plants offer shelter in a yard . Typically, they are placed in a place of passage for people to pass through at certain times. Pergolas, however, can also be used to cover chairs and tables, offering shade to those who use the furniture.
It is possible to find pergolas made of different materials. Most of the pergolas are built with wood or metal , since they are materials that, with the appropriate treatment to stay outdoors, are very resistant.
Those who have a garden or a patio at home and wish to carry out the construction of a pergola, it is important that they have a clear set of tips. These are recommendations that will allow them to achieve a perfect result and without having to make a large financial outlay:
-To achieve a modern-looking pergola it is necessary that the beams of the wood beams are 90º. On the contrary, if you want it to have a rustic look, those should be bevelled.
-Many are the types of wood that can be used to carry out the setting up of that structure. However, the most recommended are mahogany, pine and cedar.
-You can also opt for aluminum pergolas. However, it is important to know that these do not have as much personality or beauty as those of wood, are more expensive and require greater maintenance.
-They should be raised in a place in the garden where you can enjoy the sun or the cool outside the home.
-The pergolas can be purchased already manufactured or can be made to measure, in order to be able to adjust more correctly to the space that is available in the garden and to personal tastes.
As we have mentioned three are the fundamental types of wood used for this type of infrastructure and each one has its advantages:
-The mahogany is the one that offers the greatest durability.
-The cedar is very light, especially beautiful and repels insects.
-Pinewood is more economical and also offers an optimal result.
The lattices (elements with openwork that serve to provide support to climbing plants) and gazebos (a kind of flag, usually circular) are other elements of the architecture and of the decoration with characteristics similar to those presented by the pergolas.